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What is pregnancy chloasma?
Chloasma pregnancy (melanoderma) it is nothing but characteristic discolorations on the skin of the face, usually occurring symetric. They have milky brown or gray color, irregular shape, usually located symmetrically on the forehead, cheeks, chin or above the lips. They are not accompanied by discomfort, pain or inflammation.
Dye changes on the skin very often arise just during pregnancy. They are guilty of everything hormones (an increase in the amount of estrogen, progesterone, MSH - melanocyte stimulating hormone), under the influence of which production of excessive amounts of melanin in the cells responsible for this, known as melanocytes. Just a small exposure to UV rays will cause uneven distribution of melanin, resulting in discoloration.
Once pregnancy chloasma has arisen, it may become even more visible. It happens that it darkens under the influence of the sun.
Are you exposed to chloasma?
Chloasma pregnancy can occur in any woman. They are particularly exposed to it:
- people susceptible to hyperpigmentation,
- people with darker complexion,
- with metabolic diseases, with liver diseases,
- taking medications that increase the sensitivity of the skin to the sun,
- using hormone therapy,
- suffering from nutritional deficiencies, weakened,
- excessive tanning,
- not protecting skin against the sun.
Chloasma pregnancy appears usually in summer, hence it is so important, especially during this period of increased exposure to UV rays, to effectively protect the skin against their effects. Most often the first changes on the skin become apparent at the beginning of the second trimester of pregnancy, around 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Can you avoid chloasma during pregnancy?
You don't have to be exposed to pregnancy discoloration. You can do a lot to minimize the risk of chloasma. Primarily:
- avoid exposure to the sun during the hours of strong sunshine, especially on summer days,
- use creams with high UV filters,
- during sunbathing during pregnancy, apply cream every 2-3 hours.
Is chloasma treated?
Wait for the removal of any discoloration on the skin. The good news is that pregnancy chloasma usually disappears a few months after delivery. During pregnancy, it can be masked using makeup.
If this does not happen and the skin changes remain, it remains a visit to a dermatologist and the use of products that unify the skin tone. Most often used for this purpose acids or retinoids.
Sometimes also used ointments containing hydroquinone - skin lightening component. Treatment can be helped corticosteroids, if the dermatologist decides. If the treatment is not having the expected effect, it may be helpful microdermabrasion or going for a chemical peeling.