Irritable bowel syndrome in children - why does it arise and how to deal with it?

Irritable bowel syndrome in children - why does it arise and how to deal with it?

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Preschooler is stressed by the vision of returning to kindergarten after the holidays? Runs to the toilet and complains of stomach ache? Eight-year-old strongly experiences all school failures? Spends half an hour every morning in the toilet? Or maybe a three-year-old complains of stomachache before visiting a doctor? It may be irritable bowel syndrome in children. An increasingly frequent disease that is unfortunately difficult to recognize.

How is irritable bowel syndrome manifested in children?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common diagnoses in the world. It is estimated that every fifth adult suffers from it. In children, the disease is most often seen between 2 and 3 years old and in preschool children.

Irritable bowel syndrome in children is defined as chronic or recurrent abdominal pain in conjunction with constipation and diarrhea, changed bowel habits for no particular reason. These symptoms are NOT caused by gastrointestinal abnormalities. ZJD is diagnosed if the causes of the disease cannot be found and abdominal pain is invariably present for at least 3 months. The disease is closely associated with emotions and difficult situations. The psychological aspect in its development is strongly visible. That is why irritable bowel syndrome in children is one of the psychosomatic diseases.

In addition, they may be important in the development of irritable bowel syndrome intolerance, e.g. lactose.

Irritable bowel syndrome can manifest itself in diarrhea or constipation alone. Diarrhea and constipation may also alternate.

Other symptoms that accompany irritable bowel syndrome include:

  • bloating,
  • indigestion,
  • the stool can be very hard or loose with mucus admixtures,
  • the stool may have a different color,
  • after passing the stool, there may be a feeling of incomplete bowel movement,
  • sometimes also excessive weight gain or weight loss,
  • urinating too often
  • backache, headache.

Children with irritable bowel syndrome are usually referred to as sensitive, delicate, fearful. They often suffer from sleep disorders and are very worried about any failures.

If the child has a bowel movement more than 3 times a day or less than once every 3 weeks, this is an important signal that should motivate parents to look for reasons. Perhaps the child suffers from irritable bowel syndrome. This is more likely if someone in your family suffered from this anomaly. The tendency to irritable bowel syndrome is hereditary.

How does stomach ache in irritable bowel syndrome?

A small child describes abdominal pain very differently. Usually locates discomfort in the middle of the abdomen. Occurs a few minutes after a meal and disappears after defecation or passing gas.

The nature of pain can be Acute, blunt, colic, may hurt for a few minutes and stop, pain may also be recurrent and systolic.

How is irritable bowel syndrome treated in children?

The disease should be treated by a pediatrician in consultation with a gastroenterologist. The doctor usually prescribes a blood and feces test for diagnostic purposes. Sometimes specialist tests such as gastroscopy.

Unfortunately, irritable bowel syndrome is chronic diseasethat can't be cured. It is very important observation of the child and elimination of factors that may worsen the child's condition, sometimes these are certain groups of foods.

Children are very cautious when dealing with drug delivery (antispasmodic, anti-diarrheal, laxative), observing and following a diet that supports bowel function is of great importance.

Never give your child medicines on your own. In addition to probiotics, it is recommended if the child suffers from diarrhea, feeding rice, bananas, grated apples, lean meat, fish, boiled carrots. For constipation, kefirs, buttermilk, whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, and dried fruits will be more effective. It is also very important to take care of liquids, especially water.